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vncpasswd - VNC® Server password utility
vncpasswd [OPTION...] MODE
vncpasswd manages password(s) when the VNC password authentication scheme is chosen for VNC Server. It is an alternative to specifying a new, or changing an existing, password via the VNC Server user interface. Note vncpasswd is not relevant when VNC Server is set to use the system authentication or single sign-on (SSO) schemes.
Run vncpasswd with one of the following flags to specify a password of at least six case-sensitive alphanumeric characters for a particular VNC Server mode and user. The password chosen is DES-encoded and stored as the value of the Password parameter in the specified configuration file:
- VNC Server in Service Mode. Note elevated privileges are required.
The password is stored for the root user only in
- VNC Server in User Mode. The password is stored for the current user
- VNC Server in Virtual Mode. The password is stored for the current
user only in
vncpasswd -file FILE to nominate a different configuration file.
Depending on the file chosen, this might apply
the password system-wide (across all VNC Server modes, or for all
users), or lock VNC Server down using policy (so the password
cannot be changed by users). For example, nominate:
/etc/vnc/config.d/Xvncto apply the password to VNC Server in Virtual Mode for all users.
/etc/vnc/config.d/common.customto apply the password across all VNC Server modes, for all users.
/etc/vnc/policy.d/commonto apply the password across all VNC Server modes, for all users, and lock VNC Server down.
For a full list of available configuration files, visit https://www.realvnc.com/docs/configure-vnc.html#configure-vnc-files
vncpasswd -print to not specify a password but rather print it to
the console in the correct obfuscated format for manual entry into
configuration files or policy template files.
If you have a Professional or Enterprise subscription, run
vncpasswd -type TYPE
to specify a password for a non-standard user, where TYPE is either:
- AdminPassword to specify a password for an administrative user able to bypass accept/reject prompts.
- ViewOnlyPassword to specify a password for a basic user able to observe but not interact.
- InputOnlyPassword to specify a password for a basic user able to interact but not observe.
- GuestPassword to specify a password for a guest user able to interact and observe once approval to connect has been acquired from an already-connected user.
This is not recommended, but if you wish to specify a password of less
than 6 characters, run